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Golf Tips from the your DCC golf Professionals

Mike Ryan, PGA
PGA Professional
Derryfield Country Club
IMG 7144

What Is the Average Distance With Each Golf Club?

golf range

By Teresa Justine Kelly

If you know the distances you can achieve with each of your golf clubs, you can pick the correct club and plan where you want the ball to land on the golf course.

 

Key Factors to Achieve Golf Club Distance

The total distance achieved by a golf club is based on several factors: the loft achieved, the carry distance achieved (Note: The carry distance is the yardage from the point of impact to the point of landing.), the weather conditions and your swing speed:

  • Loft: Each club face has a unique angle. The more angle on the club face, the greater the potential loft of the club. For example, a driver is designed for distance, so the club face is almost straight up and down. This causes only an 8-13 degree loft. In comparison, a pitching wedge is designed for loft, so the club face is more parallel to the ground, with a 47-53 degree loft.
  • Distance: According to Golfmentor.com, distances achieved by short, mid and long hitters can vary by as much as 50% depending on the club and the gender (see actual average distance ranges below). Men tend to have faster swing speeds which causes them to hit the ball farther. However, many women are long hitters, with some LPGA pros hitting the ball as far, or farther, than men on the course.
  • Weather: The distance achieved can be greatly affected by the weather conditions. Hitting a ball into a strong wind can greatly influence the loft and the distance achieved.
  • Swing Speed: The faster your swing speed, the greater the distance that you can achieve.

Average Distances for Men (short hitter - mid hitter - long hitter)

  • Driver 200-230-260 yards
  • 2-wood 190-220-245 yards
  • 3-wood 180-215-235 yards
  • 4-wood 175-200-220 yards
  • 5-wood 170-195-210 yards
  • 1-iron 180-215-235 yards
  • 2-iron 170-195-210 yards
  • 3-iron 160-180-200 yards
  • 4-iron 150-160-170 yards
  • 5-iron 140-160-170 yards
  • 6-iron 130-150-160 yards
  • 7-iron 120-140-150 yards
  • 8-iron 110-130-140 yards
  • 9-iron 95-115-130 yards
  • Pitching wedge 80-105-120 yards
  • Sand wedge 60-80-100 yards
  • Lob wedge 50-70-90 yards

Average Distances for Senior Tour Players

  • Driver 274-284 yards
  • 3-wood 230-239 yards
  • 5-wood 218-226 yards
  • 3-iron 201-208 yards
  • 4-iron 192-199 yards
  • 5-iron 184-191 yards
  • 6-iron 173-180 yards
  • 7-iron 163-169 yards
  • 8-iron 151-157 yards
  • 9-iron 140-145 yards
  • Pitching wedge 129-134 yards

Average Distances for PGA Tour Players

  • Driver 289-361 yards
  • 3-wood 243-304 yards
  • 5-wood 230-288 yards
  • 3-iron 212-265 yards
  • 4-iron 203-254 yards
  • 5-iron 194-243 yards
  • 6-iron 183-229 yards
  • 7-iron 172-215 yards
  • 8-iron 160-200 yards
  • 9-iron 148-185 yards
  • Pitching wedge 136-170 yards

Average Distances for Women (short hitter - mid hitter - long hitter)

  • Driver 150-175-200 yards
  • 2-wood 135-160-190 yards
  • 3-wood 125-150-180 yards
  • 4-wood 110-145-175 yards
  • 5-wood 105-135-170 yards
  • 1-iron 125-150-180 yards
  • 2-iron 105-135-170 yards
  • 3-iron 100-125-160 yards
  • 4-iron 90-120-150 yards
  • 5-iron 80-110-140 yards
  • 6-iron 70-100-130 yards
  • 7-iron 65-90-120 yards
  • 8-iron 60-80-110 yards
  • 9-iron 55-70-95 yards
  • Pitching wedge 50-60-80 yards
  • Sand wedge 40-50-60 yards
  • Lob wedge 35-45-50 yards

Average Distances for LPGA Tour Players

  • Driver 246-258 yards
  • 3-wood 195-217 yards
  • 5-wood 185-205 yards
  • 4-iron 170-181 yards
  • 5-iron 161-173 yards
  • 6-iron 152-163 yards
  • 7-iron 141-154 yards
  • 8-iron 130-143 yards
  • 9-iron 119-132 yards
  • Pitching wedge 107-121 yards

Loft Angle (Degree)

Drivers are designed to maximize the ball's carry distance, so a driver's loft angle ranges from 8 to 13 degrees, depending on the specific brand or model of driver.

Woods, ranging from a 2-wood to a 5-wood are also used for distance, but their loft angle is slightly greater than a driver. This angle provides the golfer with distance, with a little more loft than a driver. For example:

  • 2-wood 12-15 degrees
  • 3-wood 12-17 degrees
  • 4-wood 15-19 degrees
  • 5-wood 20-23 degrees

Irons, ranging from a 1-iron to a 9-iron are used for distance with the larger numbered irons being used for their ability to get loft for a ball. 

  • 1-iron 15-18 degrees
  • 2-iron 18-20 degrees
  • 3-iron 21-24 degrees
  • 4-iron 25-28 degrees
  • 5-iron 28-32 degrees
  • 6-iron 32-36 degrees
  • 7-iron 36-40 degrees
  • 8-iron 40-44 degrees
  • 9-iron 45-48 degrees

Wedges, for pitching, sand or lobbing, are primarily used for their ability to get under a golf ball and give it maximum loft.

  • Pitching wedge 47-53 degrees
  • Sand wedge 54-58 degrees
  • Lob wedge 58-62 degrees 

The distance achieved by a specific golf club will vary from player to player and from day to day based on the conditions.

Tour distance information was compiled from stats on golfwrx.com

Tip: Chart Your Distances for All Your Clubs

Go to the driving range and hit ten golf balls with each club. Keep track of the ten distances you achieve with each club.

Repeat the charting monthly, or more frequently if you are actively working on your swing.

Read more at http://www.golflink.com/tips_5459_average-distance-each-golf-club.html#QO0lqFdwHeXMqQC3.99

Golf Shaft Torque Explained

 

Although we all know that ball striking in the middle of the club face is a must to producing good golf shots, the equipment that you are using can help produce the best results from that good swing. Many times we hear that the shaft is the engine that drives the club to get the best results. With that in mind let us examine what golf shaft torque is so that you can achieve the best results from your personal swing.

Golf Shaft Torque

Two of the most popular materials used are steel and graphite or a combination of both. Steel shafts have existed since the days of Nelson and Hogan and have been a common staple in golf equipment. Graphite came along many years later and a pre-graphite shaft was fiberglass. The shaft surfaced in late 1960s and early 70s. The great Gary Player actually played these shafts but they did not catch on for the same reason that graphite initially didn’t…TORQUE. The fiberglass shafts were made by the Shakespeare Company, who was famous for making fishing rods. The material was very light compared to steel but also very inconsistent when striking a golf ball at a high speed. So this idea did not last long.

Golf Shaft Torque on Graphite Shafts

Next came graphite made shafts. In the beginning it had the same problem .The golf shaft torque was too high. Let’s explain the property we call torque. It is basically the twisting action of opening and shutting the club face upon impact. If you hold the grip end of the club with one hand and the head of the club with the other and twist the butt end of club left and right you will feel some turning action. That is the torque action of the shaft. Hold one end firm and turn the other to get the result. The more the turning, the higher the torque. Thus the more the opening or closing of club head when ball is hit slightly off center.

This factor was the downfall of the first graphite shaft to hit the market. The material could definitely improve your clubhead speed to produce more distance but if you miss hit a shot slightly off-center the ball would travel well to the left or right producing a low slice or duck hook.

The Aldila golf shaft company found that adding boron filaments to the shaft would greatly reduce the golf shaft’s torque numbers and hence causing the shaft to perform more like the steel shaft in regards to the twisting factor upon impact. This shaft was painted gold and was called the HM 40. The golf shaft torque was listed as 2.5degrees, which was very similar to the torque of the steel shafts. At this time the graphite shaft was used and manufactured primarily for wooden woods.

Today, golf shaft torque is always given as a specification by shaft manufacturers and will affect the price of the shaft. The more expensive shafts will have lower torques. One of the problems with manufacturers of standard shafts (OEM) is that the torque is too high for golfers with faster club head speeds. The higher your speed the more twisting will occur upon impact. One of the reasons shaft prices are higher and the quality is better on shafts sold separately by shaft manufacturing companies is because it costs more to manufacture a lower torque shaft. Torque will also affect ball fight if it is too high for fast swing speeds by opening or closing slightly on shots hit a bit off-center. If torque is too low the shaft will have a very hard to feel on feedback and you may not get the desired height or trajectory on your ball flight.

Golf shaft flex is also important when determining what torque on a golf shaft is right for you. If you check out the flex of a particular shaft you will notice that the stiffer the flex the lower the torque. Another factor that will determine the torque is the weight of the shaft. I will use the listed specs of one Shaft Company to illustrate this point. Using the proforce v2 wood shaft, the shafts are grouped in three weights. 55 grams 65 grams and 75 grams. The torque is 3.7 for 55 grams, 3.0 for 65 grams and 2.2 for 75 grams. Although this shaft is not made in a ladies flex, when there is one in other models the torque will be the highest of the five flexes.

Because of the difference in torque between flexes, it also really becomes important to have the right flex for your club head speed. A basic guide for the flex would be 75 mph or lower with your golf driver would call for a senior of lady flex. A swing speed of 75-85mph would be in the senior range, 85-95mph in the regular range, 95-110mph in the stiff range and anything above 110mph would be in the extra stiff range. These are suggestions and may vary a little based on other characteristics of the swing. There are other examples where torque is higher as the shaft is softer, as in the Rogue max mid-launch. Regular flex has a torque of 4.9, stiff is 4.2 and extra stiff is 3.5.

Golf Shaft Torque on Steel Shafts

Steel shafts have a much more consistent torque and proof of this is that torque is not even listed in catalogs selling golf shafts. This is one reason so many professional golfers including those on tour use steel shafts in their irons and wedges. The few who use graphite in there irons are using the highest grade and are going through many shafts to get the same consistency of torque on the eight or nine they may choose.

Keep in mind that golf shaft torque is only one factor in choosing the right golf shaft for you. Although a shaft board measuring torque is available to check torque on your present golf clubs, it is only one factor of the shaft make-up that will affect your ball flight and consistency. Using the information the companies list of the torque is a good tool to use in relation to your swing speed. Other factors in selecting a shaft are the flex, the kick point, and the weight. These all play into the right shaft for you, but let’s not forget that a consistent golf swing in the most important factor in deciding what shaft is best for you!  

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